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2012 Countdown To Armageddon


Codex

Codex (Photo credit: DivesGallaecia)

What is the Dresden Codex?

The Dresden Codex is an ancient Maya text. While the Codex is known for its precise recording of lunar and solar eclipses, it is also recognized for hieroglyphs and icons that some say predict the destruction of the world. The Codex is currently located at the Saxon State Library in Dresden, Germany.

HISTORY

The Maya civilization paid great attention to one of the world’s most astounding natural phenomena: the eclipses of the sun and moon. They recorded these events and other astronomical phenomena in paper books created out of a type of bark. These books are now commonly referred to as ‘codices.’ During the invasion of the Americas, the Spaniards intentionally destroyed many of the books, however, four are known to have survived. They are known as the Dresden, Madrid, Paris, and Grolier codices.

THE MAYA CALENDAR

The Maya had several calendars: one, known as the tsolkin, was made up of 260 days. Another, referred to as the Long Count calendar, acted as a reference for historical events in Maya society. Because of the organization of the Long Count calendar, the dates can be linked to our Western calendar, allowing historians to measure the accuracy of the Maya’s method. The Long Count calendar began at 13.0.0.0.0; and in 2012 it will reach 13.0.0.0.0 once more, for the first time in over 5,000 years.

Lunar and Solar Eclipses

Illustrations in the Dresden Codex appear in the forms of both hieroglyphic scripts and icons. The illustrations specifically referencing eclipses are known as ‘eclipse glyphs.’ There are reports that during a lunar or solar eclipse, old Mesoamerican civilizations reacted with fear. Mesoamericanists have described scenes of chaos that included shouting of war cries and weeping. It is possible that murders also occurred during the solar eclipses as many may have feared that the world would truly become dark forever.

2012

Some people believe the text of the Dresden Codex predicts the end of the world in 2012. Many see a dragon-like being while others see an animal more like a crocodile. The creature, residing in the sky, has water pouring from its mouth, creating a world covered by water. The Maya Goddess O, also known as Chac Chel, is pouring water from a jar. The word Chac can mean both “great” and “red,” while Chel means “arc of heaven.” The combination of the color red with images of the full moon represents a prediction of strong rains. A menacing figure at the bottom of the page holds weaponry over the Earth. A number of anthropologists believe that two phrases in the Codex, meaning “black sky” and “black earth,” imply the end of the world. While some believe the Maya were predicting a massive flood, there are numerous theories: everything from storms, to the crumbling of society’s ecosystems, as well as the reversal of the Earth’s magnetic fields. Still, anthropologists generally see the images in the Codex as simply part of Maya cosmology.

UFO UK new evidence 2012


Clouds and an Unidentified Flying Object

Clouds and an Unidentified Flying Object (Photo credit: scismgenie)

Unexplained aerial observations have been reported throughout history. Some were undoubtedly astronomical in nature: comets, bright meteors, one or more of the five planets that can be seen with the naked eye, planetary conjunctions, or atmospheric optical phenomena such as parhelia and lenticular clouds.

An example is Halley’s Comet, which was recorded first by Chinese astronomers in 240 BC and possibly as early as 467 BC. Such sightings throughout history often were treated as supernatural portents, angels, or other religious omens.

Some current-day UFO researchers have noticed similarities between some religious symbols in medieval paintings and UFO reports though the canonical and symbolic character of such images is documented by art historians placing more conventional religious interpretations on such images.

  • On January 25, 1878, The Denison Daily News noted that John Martin, a local farmer, had reported seeing a large, dark, circular object resembling a balloon flying “at wonderful speed.” Martin, according to the newspaper account, said it appeared to be about the size of a saucer, the first known use of the word “saucer” in association with a UFO.
  • On February 28, 1904, there was a sighting by three crew members on the USS Supply 300 miles west of San Francisco, reported by Lt. Frank Schofield, later to become Commander-in-Chiefof the Pacific Battle Fleet. Schofield wrote of three bright red egg-shaped and circular objects flying in echelon formation that approached beneath the cloud layer, then changed course and “soared” above the clouds, departing directly away from the earth after two to three minutes. The largest had an apparent size of about six suns, he said.
  • The three earliest known pilot UFO sightings, of 1,305 similar sitings cataloged by NARCAP, took place in 1916 and 1926. On January 31, 1916, a UK pilot near Rochford reported a row of lights, resembling lighted windows on a railway carriage, that rose and disappeared. In January 1926 a pilot reported six “flying manhole covers” between Wichita, Kansas, and Colorado Springs, Colorado. In late September 1926 an airmail pilot over Nevada said he had been forced to land by a huge, wingless, cylindrical object.
  • On August 5, 1926, while traveling in the Humboldt Mountains of Tibet‘s Kokonor region, Russian explorer Nicholas Roerich reported, members of his expedition saw “something big and shiny reflecting the sun, like a huge oval moving at great speed. Crossing our camp the thing changed in its direction from south to southwest. And we saw how it disappeared in the intense blue sky. We even had time to take our field glasses and saw quite distinctly an oval form with shiny surface, one side of which was brilliant from the sun.” Another description by Roerich was of a “shiny body flying from north to south. Field glasses are at hand. It is a huge body. One side glows in the sun. It is oval in shape. Then it somehow turns in another direction and disappears in the southwest.”
  • In the Pacific and European theatres during World War II, “foo-fighters” (metallic spheres, balls of light and other shapes that followed aircraft) were reported and on occasion photographed by Allied and Axis pilots. Some proposed Allied explanations at the time included St. Elmo’s Fire, the planet Venus, hallucinations from oxygen deprivation, or German secret weapons.
  • On February 25, 1942, U.S. Army observers reported unidentified aircraft both visually and on radar over the Los Angeles, California, region. Antiaircraft artillery was fired at what were presumed to be Japanese planes. No readily apparent explanation was offered, though some officials dismissed the reports of aircraft as being triggered by anxieties over expected Japanese air attacks on California. However, Army Chief of Staff Gen. George C. Marshall and Secretary of War Henry Stimson insisted that real aircraft were involved. The incident later became known as the Battle of Los Angeles, or the West coast air raid.
  • In 1946 more than 2,000 reports were collected, primarily by the Swedish military, of unidentified aerial objects over the Scandinavian nations, along with isolated reports from France, Portugal, Italy and Greece. The objects were referred to as “Russian hail” and later as “ghost rockets” because it was thought that the mysterious objects were possibly Russian tests of captured German V1 or V2 rockets. Although most were thought to be such natural phenomena as meteors, more than 200 were tracked on radar by the Swedish military and deemed to be “real physical objects.” In a 1948 top secret document, Swedish authorities advised the USAF Europe that some of their investigators believed these craft to be extraterrestrial in origin.